Diabetes is not a disease, it is a condition. There are two main types. Type 1 is genetic, Type 2 tends to be lifestyle related. It is possible to reduce the extent of Type 2 diabetes when lifestyle issues are addressed.
In both types of diabetes, the symptoms are quickly relieved once the diabetes is treated. Early treatment will also reduce the chances of developing serious health problems.
The main symptoms of diabetes are:
Type 1 diabetes usually comes on quite suddenly and can be dramatic, with extreme thirst, weight-loss and feeling unwell. Type 1 diabetes always need life-long treatment by insulin injections.
Type 2 diabetes develops slowly and the symptoms are usually less severe. Some people may not notice any symptoms at all and their diabetes is only picked up in a routine medical check up. Some people may put the symptoms down to ‘getting older’ or ‘overwork’. Type 2 diabetes is usually helped with diet, or diet and pills. Sometimes people with Type 2 diabetes are put in an insulin regime with injections.